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Καρακουζίδης Παναγιώτης

  

Push-Button People

  

Η Εστία Μου

  

Character-Assassination

  

Framing Dissidents

  

Legal Notice 166

  

Message to the Bundeswehr

  

German Government 07/11/2020

  

CIA's Child Sex Slaves

  

Πατριώτη S.O.S.

  

Greek Dissidents Political Persecution



 

A Greek Government In Exile

  

60+ Trillion Euros Dispute for Greece's Minerals



 

21/06/2020 International Protests

 

Robbed at Copenhagen

 

George Bobolas

 

Prespes-Agreement Superimposed-Reality Ruthless-Propaganda

 

 

 

 

Mielke - Chrisochoidis

 

O/L to British P/M

 

O/L to E. Macron

 

Accountability-Free Genocides

 

Militarized "psychiatry"

 

The Absolute Evil

 

Gang-stalking Greeks

 

Byzantine Atrocities

 

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Human Rights' Court

 

The used up men

 

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Open Letter to Andrew Parker, MI5

  

Πράξεις ποταπές - Despicable choices

 

 

My father's death

 

Cavitation damage

 

Burglary and vandalism

 

Dry mini submarine

 

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Message to Bundeswehr 1

 

“Tough” guys and TOUGH guys

 

Μοναδική λύση, το Χόλιγουντ

 

Charlatans

 

Zeppelin: Beyond Gravity

 

Foreign intervention in Greece?

 

Η ανελεύθερη Ελλάδα

 

Η Ελλάδα καταγώγιο;

 

Αν.Επ. Π. Παυλόπουλο

  

Intangible prisons

 

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Images of German w & s

 

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"Chimera" - "Bellerophon"

 

pr. Donald Trump

 

  

Legal Notice 87

 

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Being a German

 

Legal Notice 84

 

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Έλληνες, στο έλεος...

 

Harvester's log 16/3/17

 

 

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Execrable

 

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Honor your father...

Noise

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Έλληνα Πες Αλεύρι Ο Δουλοκτήτης Σε Γυρεύει PDF Εκτύπωση E-mail
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Συντάχθηκε απο τον/την Χρήστος Μπούμπουλης (Christos Boumpoulis)   
Κυριακή, 06 Ιούνιος 2021 15:56

ROOTS 1977

www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImWP_vW9Sok

 

CHEMICAL SUNDAY (EXCERPT)

www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCvZd2zziTE

 

Marlon Brando: Treatment of Native Americans/Indians

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cr3MAORStKs

 

Έλληνα Πες Αλεύρι Ο Δουλοκτήτης Σε Γυρεύει

 

Παραλείπω να παραθέσω ένα, σχετικό με το ανωτέρω βίντεο (Youtube: ROOTS 1977 - ImWP_vW9Sok) και τις παραπομπές του παραρτήματος, εκτενές περιεχόμενο του παρόντος άρθρου.

Και καλώ τους Έλληνες, να αναρωτηθούν:

- Με ποιον, κατά συρροήν, καθ’ έξιν, και κατ’ επάγγελμα, τρόπο, οι αποικιοκράτες της U2RIT, βιοπορίζονται κατά τους τελευταίους αιώνες;

- Με ποιο αντάλλαγμα, από το τέλος του 2ου παγκοσμίου πολέμου μέχρι σήμερα, συγκεκριμένα πρόσωπα κάτοχοι Ελληνικής υπηκοότητας, απήλαυσαν και συνεχίζουν, εντός της καθημαγμένης Ελλάδας, αμύθητα πλούτη, δόξα, και de facto νομική ασυλία; Ποιο το ήθος των προσώπων αυτών;

- Απολαμβάνουν οι Έλληνες, οποιοδήποτε από τα διεθνώς κατοχυρωμένα ανθρώπινα-δικαιώματα;

- Υποβάλλονται ακούσια σε ιατρικές-πράξεις;

- Πόσα έτη (φωτός;) απέχουν, η νοητική ηλικία τους από την βιολογική ηλικία τους;

- Πόσοι Έλληνες μπορούν να δώσουν ορθή απάντηση στο ερώτημα, τί προκαλεί (την θεωρούμενη ως ασθένεια) Αλτσχάιμερ;

- Πόσοι Έλληνες γνωρίζουν, ποιος καταμετρά και στην συνέχεια επαληθεύει, τα εκλογικά αποτελέσματα;

- Πόσοι Έλληνες γνωρίζουν ποια είναι η διεθνής σύμβαση “Huge Cooper and Co”;

- Πόσοι Έλληνες γνωρίζουν ποια είναι η διεθνής σύμβαση της 21ης Μαΐου 1949;

 

Χρήστος Μπούμπουλης

οικονομολόγος

 

Παράρτημα

 

Why colonial slavery should not be equated with human trafficking (‘modern slavery’)

Two wrongdoings that need recognition in their own right

Dr. Eefje de Volder

Today on the International day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade we look back at a dark period in our history, where between the 15th and the 19th century more than 18 million people were forcefully removed from Africa to the Americans (including the Caribbean and Europe). it was legally permitted to treat them as commodities, as less than human, as exploitable items at a large scale, that resulted in flourishing economies in the countries involved in the slave trade.[i]

Back then, the idea of slavery was not new. In fact, slavery has been practiced all over the world for thousands of years long before the colonial slave trade. Slavery was even a common part of life in Africa, where slaves were treated relatively well. They could marry, gain an education, and interact in everyday society. Colonial slavery, on the other hand, stripped people from their rights. In general, the distinguishing feature of slavery is widely held to be that it treats human beings as property.[ii]

It is common nowadays in the anti-trafficking field (either in campaigns or in policy) to link colonial slavery with human trafficking by reference to modern slavery. For example, in 2008, the head of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime opened the United Nations Conference on Trafficking in Vienna, by stating: ‘Two hundred years after the end of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, we have the obligation to fight a crime that has no place in the twenty-first century. Let’s call it what it is: modern slavery’ (BBC News 2008a).[iii] Also the UK has coined its anti-trafficking law as the Modern Slavery Act. Strikingly, colonial powers who have been painstakingly slow in fully recognizing colonial slavery, refusing to officially apologize out of fear of compensation claims, are now at the forefront of fighting ‘modern slavery’.

Yet, without sufficient recognition and awareness of what colonial slavery was about and how it has been different from modern forms of enslavement, these correlations can do more damage than good. It takes away recognition of the particular damage and trauma inflicted on the victims of colonial slavery, damage that has transcended in future generations (intergenerational trauma).

There are several reasons why human trafficking and colonial slavery should not be equated or considered in the same vain:

– Legality issue: Colonial slavery was legal during the period of the transatlantic slave trade and until its gradual abolishment, while human trafficking is illegal.

– Definition issue: in definition, equating human trafficking with modern slavery (in the extension of colonial slavery/slave trade) is false, as it does not cover all the situations that can be considered as human trafficking. Slavery is only one of the possible outcomes of ‘trafficking’ listed in the UN Trafficking Protocol (‘Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs’). Further, a person does not have to be held in ‘slavery’ (whatever that may be) to qualify as a victim of trafficking, but they do have to have been taken ‘for purposes of exploitation’. The exploitation does not have to be taken place, the simple intent to exploitation is sufficient for a situation to be qualified as human trafficking (although in court this turns out to be difficult to substantiate with adequate proof).

– Ownership issue: Colonial slavery in most cases entailed legal ownership of people, which is not the case with human trafficking. Because of the illegality of human trafficking, legal ownership is not possible (although some situations may result in factual ownership)

– Visibility and prejudices issue: Because of its legality, colonial slavery was out in the open and accepted by society, resulting in all sorts of prejudices about people of colour that became normalized and as a result continue to persist in the minds of some today. Human trafficking on the other hand is illegal and therefore less visible. For example, many people do not even know that trafficking in the Netherlands exists.

– Racial ideas issue: Colonial slavery was justified based on racial ideas about Africans and the supremacy of the white race/subordination of Africans. In modern slavery colour and ethnicity play less a role, it rather focuses on weakness, multiple dependency and deprivation.

– Compensation issue: The (il)legality issue has vast consequences for victims and their rights to compensation. While human trafficking victims by law have a right to compensation, victims of colonial slavery never had such a right. In fact, at the time of the abolition of the slave trade, it has been slave owners who have been compensated for their loss, not the enslaved people.[iv]

Recognition and awareness about colonial slavery and modern forms of enslavement (human trafficking) can go hand in hand. We can raise awareness and educate about past colonial slavery while at the same time showing that still people are kept in slavery like circumstances. But we should also merit the categories in their own right, in full recognition of the damage and wrongdoings inflicted on those who have fallen victim of it and their relatives.

[i] https://www.un.org/en/events/slaveryremembranceday/memorial.shtml

[ii] (‘the status or conditions of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised’ League of Nations).

[iii] https://glc.yale.edu/sites/default/files/pdf/new_slavery_old_binaries.pdf

[iv] https://www.theguardian.comcommentisfree/2015/jul/15/britain-slavery-owners-british-colonies-abolition

https://impact-now.org/why-colonial-slavery-should-not-be-equated-with-human-trafficking-modern-slavery-two-wrongdoings-that-need-recognition-in-their-own-right/

 

Roots and the language of trafficking

April202018

In this posts I will be looking into the 1977 film series Roots, and its implications in the realm of human trafficking. I will explore why it is important to use the language of trafficking when referring to the African slave trade. The power structure involved, then and now. As well as what is modern day slavery and how parts of it should be seen in the realm of trafficking.

Roots (1977):

Roots, is a mini series depicting slavery in the 1760’s and onward. The series follows one Kunta Kinte, a man who was stolen by colonists from his country in Africa to be brought to the United States to be sold into forced labor. As the series progresses it goes on to show how he and his future generations survive in the US and adapt during and after the Civil war. With Kunta trying to escape and maintain his identity throughout. This series was pivotal in its time, as well as now, as it shows the brutality of slavery that most Americans prefer to not discuss. But what does it have to do with Human trafficking? What connections that are not made is that slavery, was human trafficking.

How so?

Human trafficking is defined by: the Act (what is done, in this case the abduction and transportation of millions of African people against their will), the Means (how it’s done, slaves were beaten, abused mentally and physically, had body parts removed, as well as more), and the Purpose (why it was done, broadly thought of as forced labor, but other forms of exploitation occurred in abundance). In the film series all the criteria is met to show that this was trafficking even if the language is not used to describe it as such. Kunta is abducted and transported, forced to work, and when he’d try to escape he would be beaten, he had toes removed, and all this was to exploit him as well as his fellows. So why is it important to address it as trafficking? Language matters, and if we can see slavery as trafficking we can see trafficking in a different light.

The Language of Trafficking:

Knowing that the definition of human trafficking describes slavery matters because we already see slavery as wrong, that it happened to millions of people, not just women (as is the norm with ideas of trafficking), but everyone could have been put in shackles, men, women, and children were taken and sold. We can see a film series such as Roots and recognize that this is bad, there was no one thing they could have done to save themselves. But also, much of white Americans took part in trafficking. They of whom who owned slaves or at the very least agreed with it and help facilitate slavery by turning in runaways. When we see trafficking we too know its wrong, but it seems like some truly bad immoral individuals who are doing this, but certainly not the government. And the people who are trafficked are usually women, or weak individuals, but not a entire subset of people. Not an entire culture.

This series is so important due to the fact that it was shown to most African Americans in the 80’s and 90’s. Parents would make their children watch them, teachers would show them in schools. It is important to knowing where one came from (no matter your ethnicity), and how this country was built on the backs of human slaves. It can benefit the conversation on both sides to call slavery human trafficking. The human trafficking side gets this viewpoint that shows that you don’t have to be weak to be trafficked and that even the system can take part in trafficking. With slavery showing that this is trafficking, the system did this can start a new side of conversation and saying “hey this falls into this category too” can help shed light on the powers that be and maybe finally make a change.

Power Structure (Slavery to Colonialism, Human trafficking to Neo Colonialism):

Right now slavery is just seen as slavery, something in the past that is of no consequence to the now. However that’s not the case, slavery is very much a problem today. During colonialism colonizers believed they needed slave labor to create the “new world”. The people of color that were abducted were not seen as people but as animals, partially human, savages whose life was worthless. They brainwashed the slaves, kept them uneducated, transported them in shackles, punished them severely if they tried to escape. They made sure this kept them at the bottom of the power hierarchy. The only way slavery would have worked was if the millions of slaves really felt powerless. Roots really did a good job showing this, with the interactions with Kunta and with the background where they showed the “masters” talking to one another about how to keep the slaves suppressed.

With neo-colonialism there are trafficked people who are being forced to work to cultivate and harvest a lot of the goods we in the western world enjoy daily, from the coffee we drink to the strawberries we eat. In many of these cases products are obtained through slave labor. Just like the cotton and tobacco from the US during slavery. Goods are still grown in the US (as well as other countries under colonial rule) today under appalling conditions with trafficked people who were brought here under false pretenses or people are coerced into working. The trafficking victims of today that are slaves are one in the same as the slaves depicted in Roots. Slavery can be seen within the US prision systems in the form of convict leasing, where trafficked victims along with non violent offenders are leased out to work.

Modern Day Slavery:

In the United States we have the largest prision population in the world, this is due to several factors, part of which is the prision system is a huge enterprise. After emancipation there was a strong desire to have free labor back, this is when convict leasing really started to take shape. People would be arrested for little to no reason so they could be put into prision where they would be leased out to different businesses and farms to work off their “debt” to society. Now one needs to be put through due process, but if someone ends up in prision there is a chance they too can be leased out to work.

The concept of convict leasing is legal under the 13th amendment, where slavery is acceptable as punishment for a crime. The convicts can be sent to work all over, even be sent over seas to “poor” countries to be forced to work. This is such a big business that big businesses such as target, Microsoft, Macys, and Revlon all have operations set up in prisons to force labor. Slavery is not extinct, and seeing that it has and is orchestrated by the system is important. The fact that the series Roots depicts this so throughly makes it important for the human trafficking conversation.

When considering the conversation with human trafficking there is a lot that the general public doesn’t understand and the media that is out there that is supposed to depict is has many flaws. Roots was a very good depictation but it doesn’t fall into the category of a human trafficking media, when it should. Slavery is not done away with, the system still takes part in it, and not just women are victims. Changing the conversation can be a way to change the system. See slavery for what it was, human trafficking.

citation:

http://www.pbs.org/show/slavery-another-name/

https://u.osu.edu/osuhtblog/2018/04/20/roots-and-the-language-of-trafficking/

 

Τελευταία Ενημέρωση στις Κυριακή, 06 Ιούνιος 2021 16:02