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Framing Dissidents

  

Επικοινωνία

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CIA's Child Sex Slaves

  

Πατριώτη S.O.S.

  

Greek Dissidents Political Persecution



 

A Greek Government In Exile

  

60+ Trillion Euros Dispute for Greece's Minerals



 

21/06/2020 International Protests

 

Robbed at Copenhagen

 

George Bobolas

 

Prespes-Agreement Superimposed-Reality Ruthless-Propaganda

 

 

 

 

Mielke - Chrisochoidis

 

O/L to British P/M

 

O/L to E. Macron

 

Accountability-Free Genocides

 

Militarized "psychiatry"

 

The Absolute Evil

 

Gang-stalking Greeks

 

Byzantine Atrocities

 

European Dissidents ALARM

 

Human Rights' Court

 

The used up men

 

Dissidents - USG RICO crimes

 

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Open Letter to António Guterres UN's SG

 

Triangulation - Zersetzen

 

Open Letter to Andrew Parker, MI5

  

Πράξεις ποταπές - Despicable choices

 

 

My father's death

 

Cavitation damage

 

Burglary and vandalism

 

Dry mini submarine

 

Message to Bundeswehr 2

 

Message to Bundeswehr 1

 

“Tough” guys and TOUGH guys

 

Μοναδική λύση, το Χόλιγουντ

 

Charlatans

 

Zeppelin: Beyond Gravity

 

Foreign intervention in Greece?

 

Η ανελεύθερη Ελλάδα

 

Η Ελλάδα καταγώγιο;

 

Αν.Επ. Π. Παυλόπουλο

  

Intangible prisons

 

Plausible deniability

 

Images of German w & s

 

Crimes against Humanity

 

"Chimera" - "Bellerophon"

 

pr. Donald Trump

 

  

Legal Notice 87

 

Βδέλλες, αποικιοκρατικές

 

Being a German

 

Legal Notice 84

 

Dirty colonial methods

 

Georgi Markov, BG - KGB

 

Samples of Barbarity

 

Ελλάδα - αποκόλληση

 

Έλληνες, στο έλεος...

 

Harvester's log 16/3/17

 

 

Legal Notice 66

 

Execrable

 

Legal Notice 62

 

  

My story

 

  

Aggression?

 

  

Η Εστία μου

 

  

Why so untidy?

 

  

Αποικιοκρατία

 

  

Εξόντωση Ελλήνων αντιφρονούντων;

 

  

Ζήτημα εμπιστοσύνης

 

  

Μεθοδικότητα

 

  

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Colonial aggression - 2

Open Letter to UN S.G.

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Δήλωση πρόθεσης επαναπατρισμού

 

Ο "εφιάλτης" της Νυρεμβέργης

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Αίτημα προστασίας, προς Ιταλία

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Να συμβάλει και η U2RIT

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Split-Screen effect

Η Ζωή είναι Ωραία.

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Λευτεριά στους Έλληνες, εξανα- γκαστικά "Εξαφανισμένους"

 

Μυστικές δίκες;

Trustworthiness

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Η Τέχνη της Επιβίωσης

Political Asylum 3

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The Human Cost of Torture

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More obvious than the Sun

Western "culture"

Political Asylum

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Μια μήνυση που εγείρει ερωτηματικά

 

 

 

Honor your father...

Noise

Creative Greeks

A pair of Dictatorships

Nomad 2 – Nomadic empire PDF Εκτύπωση E-mail
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Παρασκευή, 28 Νοέμβριος 2014 10:09

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Nomadic empires, sometimes also called steppe empires, Central or Inner Asian empires, are the empires erected by the bow-wielding, horse-riding, nomadic peoples in the Eurasian steppe, from classical antiquity (Scythia) to the early modern era (Dzungars).

Nomadic empires typically operated by establishing a capital city inside a conquered sedentary state, and then by exploiting the existing bureaucrats and commercial resources of that non-nomadic society. As the pattern is repeated, the originally nomadic dynasty becomesculturally assimilated to the culture of the occupied nation before its ultimate overthrow.[1] A term used for these polities in the early medieval period is khanate (after khan, the title of their rulers), and after the Mongol conquests also as orda (horde) as in Golden Horde.

Antiquity

Cimmeria

The Cimmerians were an ancient Indo-European people living north of the Caucasus and the Sea of Azov as early as 1300 BCE until they were driven southward by the Scythians into Anatolia during the 8th century BC. Linguistically they are usually regarded as Iranian, or possibly Thracian with an Iranian ruling class.


Scythia

The Scythians dominated the Eurasian steppe from the 8th century BCE to the 2nd century CE. The area known to classical authors asScythia included:

The Sakas (Indo-Scythians) also expanded to Sistan and the Indus valley in the 1st century BCE.

Xiongnu

The Xiongnu were a confederation of nomadic tribes from Central Asia with a ruling class of unknown origin and other subjugated tribes. They lived on the steppes north of China between the 3rd century and the 460s, their territories including modern day Mongolia, southern Siberia, western Manchuria, and the modern Chinese provinces of Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Xinjiang. Relations between early Chinese dynasties and the Xiongnu were complicated and includedmilitary conflict, exchanges of tribute and trade, and marriage treaties. They were considered so dangerous and disruptive that the Qin Dynasty ordered the construction of the Great Wall to protect China from Xiongnu attacks.

Hunnic Empire

The Huns were a confederation of Eurasian tribes from the Steppes of Central Asia. Appearing from beyond the Volga River some years after the middle of the 4th century, they conquered all of eastern Europe, ending up at the border of the Roman Empire in the south, and advancing far into modern day Germany in the north. Their appearance in Europe brought with it great ethnic and political upheaval and may have stimulated the Great Migration. The empire reached its largest size under Attila between 447 and 453.

Mongolic people and Turkic expansion

Further information: Turkic expansion, Turkic tribal confederations, Bulgars, Khazars andEurasian Avars

Rouran (柔然)

The Rouran (柔然), Juan Juan (蠕蠕), or Ruru (茹茹) were a confederation of Mongolic speaking[3] nomadic tribes on the northern borders of China from the late 4th century until the late 6th century. They controlled the area of Mongolia from the Manchurian border to Turpanand, perhaps, the east coast of Lake Balkhash, and from the Orkhon River to China Proper.

Göktürks

The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient North and Central Asia and northwestern China. Under the leadership of Bumin Khan and his sons they established the first known Turkic state around 546, taking the place of the earlier Xiongnu as the main power in the region. They were the first Turkic tribe to use the name "Türk" as a political name. The empire was split into a western and an eastern part around 600, merged again 680, and finally declined after 734.

Uyghurs

The Uyghur Empire was a Turkic empire that existed in present day Mongolia and surrounding areas for about a century between the mid 8th and 9th centuries. It was a tribal confederation under the Orkhon Uyghur nobility. It was established by Özmish Khan in 744, taking advantage of the power vacuum in the region after the fall of the Gökturk Empire. It collapsed after a Kyrgyzinvasion in 840.

Middle Ages

Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous land empire in history at its peak, with an estimated population of over 100 million people. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206, and at its height, it encompassed the majority of the territories from southeast Asiato eastern Europe.

After unifying the MongolTurkic tribes, the Empire expanded through conquests throughout continental Eurasia. During its existence, the Pax Mongolica facilitated cultural exchange and trade on the Silk Route between the East, West, and the Middle East in the period of the 13th and 14th centuries. It had significantly eased communication and commerce across Asia during its height.[4][5]

After the death of Möngke Khan in 1259, the empire split into four parts (Yuan Dynasty, Il-Khans,Chagatai Khanate and Golden Horde), each of which was ruled by its own Khan, though the Yuan rulers had nominal title of Khagan. After the disintegration of the western khanates and the fall of the Yuan Dynasty in China in 1368, the empire finally broke up.

Timurid Empire

The Timurids, self-designated Gurkānī, were a Turko-Mongol dynasty, established by the warlordTimur in 1370 and lasting until 1506. At its zenith, the Timurid Empire included the whole ofCentral Asia, Iran and modern Afghanistan, as well as large parts of Mesopotamia and theCaucasus.

Dzungars

The Dzungars were a confederation of several Oirat (or Western Mongol) tribes who formed and maintained the last horse archer empire from the early 17th century to the middle 18th century. They emerged in the early 17th century to fight the Altan Khan of the Khalkha, the Jasaghtu Khan and their Manchu patrons for dominion and control over the Mongolian people and territories. In 1756 this last nomadic power was dissolved due to the Oirat princes' succession struggle and costly war with the Qing Dynasty.

Further reading

Amitai, Reuven; Biran, Michal (editors). Mongols, Turks, and others: Eurasian nomads and the sedentary world (Brill's Inner Asian Library, 11). Leiden: Brill, 2005 (ISBN 90-04-14096-4).

  • Grousset, Rene. The Empire of the Steppes: a History of Central Asia, Naomi Walford, (tr.), New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1970.

See also

List of Mongol states

References

Golden, Peter B. (1992). An Introduction to the History of the Turkic Peoples: Ethnogenesis and State Formation in the Medieval and Early Modern Eurasia and the Middle East. Southgate Publishers. p. 75.

  1.  Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898) Oceanus Sarmaticus

  2. William Montgomery McGovern - early empires of Central Asia ,p. 421

  3. Gregory G.Guzman - the barbarians a negative or positive factor in ancient and medieval history?, The historian 50 (1988), 568-70

  4. Thomas T.Allsen - and conquest in Mongol Eurasia, 211

[wiki]


According to my opinion, our human kind, definitely, does not need more violence and/or more wars, of any kind.

Nations may both, very well resolve creatively their internal problems, as well as, very well satisfy their essential needs through peaceful and creative cooperation, with each other.

Greece, is the fiduciary of restoring peace, freedom, friendship and frugal prosperity between Nations which may, temporarily, became derailed from the dictates of civilization.

Not violence, but, only honest and civilized dialog may offer to the citizens off all Nations, with no exemption, the smile of the one, who wholeheartedly, realizes that, indeed, Life is Beautiful.


Shabe Eshgh by Nomad Dancers - Persian dance



Note: the photo was found here.

Τελευταία Ενημέρωση στις Παρασκευή, 28 Νοέμβριος 2014 11:22