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Συντάχθηκε απο τον/την Χρήστος Μπούμπουλης (Christos Boumpoulis)   
Δευτέρα, 07 Ιούλιος 2014 10:15
Sodom-and-Gomorrah.jpg

Which are the consequences of personally defying informal justice?

Within our everyday life, we, as simple citizens, frequently receive new information and then find ourselves having to make corresponding choices which affect other citizens. Are those choices just? And which are the corresponding consequences of treating, intentionally or by negligence, actively or passively, our fellow human beings unjustly?

For being able to discriminate between informal justice and informal injustice, we need to previously understand what is the formal justice.

Formal justice means enjoying both, the right to a fair trail as well as the freedom of speech (for being able to defend ourselves by telling the truth without, by this way, risking our own lives).

The basic fair trail criteria are:

  1. Pre-trial rights

    1. The prohibition on arbitrary arrest and detention.

    2. The right to know the reasons for arrest.

    3. The right to legal counsel.

    4. The right to a prompt appearance before a judge to challenge the lawfulness of arrest and detention.

    5. The prohibition of torture and the right to humane conditions during pre-trial detention.

    6. The prohibition on incommunicado detention.

  2. The hearing

    1. Equal access to, and equality before, the courts.

    2. The right to a fair hearing.

    3. The right to a public hearing.

    4. The right to a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law.

    5. The right to a presumption of innocence.

    6. The right to prompt notice of the nature and cause of criminal charges.

    7. The right to adequate time and facilities for the preparation of a defense.

    8. The right to a trial without undue delay.

    9. The right to defend oneself in person or through legal counsel.

    10. The right to examine witnesses.

    11. The right to an interpreter.

    12. The prohibition of self-incrimination.

    13. The prohibition of retroactive application of criminal laws.

    14. The prohibition of double jeopardy.

  3. Post-trial rights.

    1. The right to appeal.

    2. The right to compensation for miscarriage of justice.

In everyday life, from all the choices we make, those which, directly or indirectly, actively or passively, affect other people, unavoidably they reflect our compliance or violating of the above mentioned rights of fair trial.

Compliance with the rules of a fair trial means that we absolutely abstain from any negative, active or passive reaction against citizens which are directly or indirectly, actively or passively accused, unless those who express the accusations provide preexisting incriminating evidence of guilt and the accused ones have the opportunity to become fully informed about both, the accusations as well as the incriminating evidence and freely offer their explanations of innocence.

Justice, as being the basis for good will and good faith, is a pre-political property: As politics are inconceivable without previously having formed a civil society, a civil society is equally inconceivable without previously having gained at least a minimum degree of good will and good faith.

Exercising justice is not without cost. The cost of exercising justice is, accepting a reduction of the mathematical hope of your own expected – by our just choices – personal utility, for gaining the benefit of living within a civilized society.

Being informally just, practically, means deciding to quasi perform informal fair trials each time we find ourselves in a position having to influence other people. In other words, it means our decision to respect all the rights of a fair trial, by each and every choice we make, that affects other people.

As being citizens within free (?) societies, we enjoy the right of freedom of speech, the right to vote in the elections, the right to perform economic transactions, etc. And as we exercise our human and civil rights, we unavoidably influence the lives of other citizens. The fact that our choices may comply with our human and civil rights, do not necessarily mean that those choices are also just.

Informal justice is a dynamic form. This means that informal justice is an inconceivable notion for all those who comprehend our world as a static reality. Any choice which doesn't produce material cost, right here and right now, is a right choice, for them. Therefore, what constitutes violating informal justice, within a “dynamic world”, the same constitutes compliance with “common sense”, within a “static world”.

According to my subjective opinion, the statistical probability for one citizen being faithful to the principles of informal justice may be less than 2.5 X 10-7% (1, for every 400 millions citizens).

The consequences of collectively choosing not to honor the principles of informal justice are manifested within almost each and every aspect of our social life:

  • Collapse of trustworthiness in each and every one, of our social foundations.

  • Collapse of quality within political systems.

  • Improperly conflicting interests have become the common basis of most of our social foundations. E.g.: Governments both appoint and control the personnel of judicial systems. The markets control, simultaneously, the medical facilities, the diagnostic centers, the pharmaceutical industry, the medical research, the medical education and maybe some of the ministers of health. The markets control at the same time, the car industry, the car repair service, the car preventive technical control. The markets at the same time, exercise control over many of the mass media. The defense industry probably exercise partial control over the demand side of its corresponding market. Etc.

  • International political influence may have fallen beyond any form of control or restriction. And may have reached (or even overcome) the boundaries of paleo-colonialism. Disputes between innocent, defenseless citizens and strong, organized and specialized international forms manifest extreme asymmetries of power. Today, no one dares to control the disgrace of tzersetzen programs.

  • Innumerable innocent citizens suffer from unemployment due to markets' unilateral refusal to obay the rules of normality, within competitive markets.

  • The international community remains baffled and passive, before the phenomenon of rogue states.

  • Etc.

Defying justice causes the collapse of trustworthiness in every aspect of our social life, thus, making this social life, literary, like a nightmare.

Each and every time, within our everyday lives, that we choose to informally defy justice, we actively contribute in prolonging the manifestations of the corresponding dire consequences.

 

Note: the photo was found here.

Τελευταία Ενημέρωση στις Δευτέρα, 07 Ιούλιος 2014 15:23