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Zeppelin: Beyond Gravity

 

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"Chimera" - "Bellerophon"

 

pr. Donald Trump

 

  

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Βδέλλες, αποικιοκρατικές

 

Being a German

 

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Execrable

 

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Η Εστία μου

 

  

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Αποικιοκρατία

 

  

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5 Things The Military Trains You To Do If You’re Captured By The Taliban PDF Εκτύπωση E-mail
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Συντάχθηκε απο τον/την Χρήστος Μπούμπουλης (Christos Boumpoulis)   
Δευτέρα, 15 Μάιος 2017 21:31
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5 Things The Military Trains You To Do If You’re Captured By The Taliban

 

Editor’s note: The following thoughts are from a U.S. military veteran, a combat veteran of the war in Afghanistan, and a graduate of the military’s Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape program, who wrote this piece for Task & Purpose under the condition of anonymity.

The story of Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl — the recently released lone American prisoner of war in Afghanistan — is shrouded in controversy and has sparked an incredible debate about how he fell into the hands of the Taliban, and what the past five years have been like for him.

How to behave in enemy hands has been the subject of modern military studies and training for decades. The military established it’s first SERE program — Survival, Evasion, Resistance, Escape — during the Korean War.

Here’s what modern SERE training teaches you to do in the event you’re captured by enemy forces.

1. Escape

The very first moments of an abduction are the most critical. It’s confusing, hectic, and chaotic — for captive and captor alike. If an opportunity presents itself, try to escape during this initial stage. Otherwise, it will only get harder, and you may be in for a long haul.

2. Remember your surroundings

You may be bound, blindfolded, thrown in a trunk; your captors will deliberately try to disorient you. Try to orient yourself when you’re being transferred, even if you can’t see; left turns, right turns. Draw a map in your head so that when you arrive at your destination, you’ll have a rough idea of how to leave.

3. Resist

Article 5 of the U.S. Military Code of Conduct states: “When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of my ability.”

To the utmost of my ability.

If someone is jamming a gun in your face, you might not be able to evade answering their question. Your country wants you home alive. The tough guy refusals to comply you see in movies will probably get you killed, so resist with discretion.

If your captors want information, play dumb. You’re a lowly private who doesn’t know anything. If you’re higher ranking, you have your aides work out all the battle plans, and you don’t know them yourself. Hell, tell them you just make the coffee in the office.

If your captors force you to work, don’t outright refuse. Resist by working slowly, clumsily, making mistakes, but not enough to really piss off the bad guy with the gun.

4. Keep the faith

Keep the faith in your God, your country, your family, your fellow captives, yourself. Whatever helps you to get through your captivity. You may be a prisoner for years. Know that your country is trying to get you back. Know that the people back home haven’t forgotten about you. Don’t fall into despondency; keep yourself occupied by trying to find a way out.

Adm. James Stockdale was a prisoner of war in Vietnam for almost eight years. His actions in captivity earned him the Medal of Honor.

He later said, “I never lost faith in the end of the story, I never doubted that not only would I get out, but also that I would prevail in the end and turn the experience into the defining event of my life, which, in retrospect, I would not trade.”

5. Come home with honor

Honor is a word that carries a lot of weight in the military community. Article 5 of the Code of Conduct states: “I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.”

If you are being tortured and can no longer resist, if your life is in immediate danger, you may have to sign the document, or make the statement. But do what you can to resist.

Maybe you lost your voice. Maybe your hand is broken and you can’t write. When the North Vietnamese tried to use Stockdale for propaganda, he cut his head with a razor blade and beat himself with a stool to make himself unrecognizable. Resist.

Come home, but come home with honor.

[http://taskandpurpose.com/heres-military-trains-youre-captured-taliban/]

 

Appendix

James Bond "Jim" Stockdale (December 23, 1923 – July 5, 2005) was a United States Navy vice admiral and aviator awarded the Medal of Honor in the Vietnam War, during which he was an American prisoner of war for over seven years.

Commander Stockdale was the senior naval officer held captive in Hanoi, North Vietnam. He had led aerial attacks from the carrier USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) during the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Incident. On his next deployment, while Commander of Carrier Air Wing Sixteen aboard the carrier USS Oriskany (CV-34), his A-4 Skyhawk jet was shot down in North Vietnam on September 9, 1965. He served as President of the Naval War College from October 1977 until he retired from the Navy in 1979. As Vice Admiral, Stockdale became the President for the Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina. Stockdale held this position from 1979 to 1980.

Stockdale was a candidate for Vice President of the United States in the 1992 presidential election, on Ross Perot's independent ticket.

Prisoner of war

On 9 September 1965, while flying from USS Oriskany on a mission over North Vietnam, Stockdale ejected from his Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, which had been struck by enemy fire and completely disabled. He parachuted into a small village, where he was severely beaten and taken prisoner.

Stockdale was held as a prisoner of war in the Hoa Lo prison (the infamous "Hanoi Hilton") for the next seven and a half years. As the senior Naval officer, he was one of the primary organizers of prisoner resistance. Tortured routinely and denied medical attention for the severely damaged leg he suffered during capture, Stockdale created and enforced a code of conduct for all prisoners which governed torture, secret communications, and behavior. In the summer of 1969, he was locked in leg irons in a bath stall and routinely tortured and beaten. When told by his captors that he was to be paraded in public, Stockdale slit his scalp with a razor to purposely disfigure himself so that his captors could not use him as propaganda. When they covered his head with a hat, he beat himself with a stool until his face was swollen beyond recognition. When Stockdale was discovered with information that could implicate his friends' "black activities", he slit his wrists so they could not torture him into confession.

Early in Stockdale's captivity, his wife, Sybil Stockdale, organized The League of American Families of POWs and MIAs, with other wives of servicemen who were in similar circumstances. By 1968, she and her organization, which called for the President and the U.S. Congress to publicly acknowledge the mistreatment of the POWs (something that had never been done despite evidence of gross mistreatment), gained the attention of the American press. Sybil Stockdale personally made these demands known at the Paris Peace Talks.

Stockdale was one of eleven U.S. military prisoners known as the "Alcatraz Gang": George Thomas Coker, USN; George G. McKnight, USAF; Jeremiah Denton, USN (he graduated with Stockdale from the Naval Academy); Harry Jenkins, USN; Sam Johnson, USAF; James Mulligan, USN; Howard Rutledge, USN; Robert Shumaker, USN (originated the name "Hanoi Hilton"); Ronald Storz, USAF (died in captivity); and Nels Tanner, USN. Because they had been resistance leaders they were separated from other captives and placed in solitary confinement in "Alcatraz", a special facility in a courtyard behind the North Vietnamese Ministry of National Defense, located about one mile away from Hoa Lo Prison. In Alcatraz, each of the prisoners was kept in an individual windowless and concrete cell measuring 3 by 9 feet (0.9 by 2.7 m) with a light bulb kept on around the clock, and locked in leg irons each night. Of the eleven, Storz died in captivity there in 1970.

In a business book by James C. Collins called Good to Great, Collins writes about a conversation he had with Stockdale regarding his coping strategy during his period in the Vietnamese POW camp.

I never lost faith in the end of the story, I never doubted not only that I would get out, but also that I would prevail in the end and turn the experience into the defining event of my life, which, in retrospect, I would not trade.

When Collins asked who didn't make it out of Vietnam, Stockdale replied:

Oh, that's easy, the optimists. Oh, they were the ones who said, 'We're going to be out by Christmas.' And Christmas would come, and Christmas would go. Then they'd say, 'We're going to be out by Easter.' And Easter would come, and Easter would go. And then Thanksgiving, and then it would be Christmas again. And they died of a broken heart.

Stockdale then added:

This is a very important lesson. You must never confuse faith that you will prevail in the end—which you can never afford to lose—with the discipline to confront the most brutal facts of your current reality, whatever they might be.

Witnessing this philosophy of duality, Collins went on to describe it as the Stockdale Paradox.

Popular spiritual guru Eckhart Tolle has also discussed Stockdale's time as a prisoner of war, noting that during his imprisonment the vice admiral had concealed a small book of the teachings of the stoicist Epictetus that he said allowed him to survive his torture and confinement in Hanoi.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stockdale]

 

Epictetus (/ˌɛpɪkˈtiːtəs/;[1] Greek: Ἐπίκτητος, Epíktētos; c. AD 50 – 135) was a Greek Stoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia (present day Pamukkale, Turkey) and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece for the rest of his life. His teachings were written down and published by his pupil Arrian in his Discourses and Enchiridion.

Epictetus taught that philosophy is a way of life and not just a theoretical discipline. To Epictetus, all external events are beyond our control; we should accept calmly and dispassionately whatever happens. However, individuals are responsible for their own actions, which they can examine and control through rigorous self-discipline.

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epictetus]

 

The Deer Hunter Trailer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vw-Tyr6Rb6I

 

P.S.: Many years ago, a great leader who loved his motherland said, “The cause for which we fought during the War was the noblest and highest that man could strive for. We were fighting for the freedom and independence of our country, for the security of our future welfare and the honour of the nation. Despite all views to the contrary, this honour does actually exist, or rather it will have to exist; for a nation without honour will sooner or later lose its freedom and independence. This is in accordance with the ruling of a higher justice, for a generation of poltroons is not entitled to freedom. He who would be a slave cannot have honour; for such honour would soon become an object of general scorn”. Every country, with no exceptions, has its own heroes; and every hero honors his own country. Every country has its own foreign affairs' policy; and every foreign affairs' policy may, or, may not, honor the corresponding country's heroes, as, a nation without honour will sooner or later lose its freedom and independence and its heroes shall be improperly rewarded with unfreedom and disgrace. (C.B.)

 

Note: the photo was found here, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/James_Stockdale_Formal_Portrait.jpg/420px-James_Stockdale_Formal_Portrait.jpg